What is Test Automation? and Its Practice with Agile Test

What is Test Automation? and Its Practice with Agile Test

 This article delves into the core of automated testing, uncovering its key advantages, and comparing it with agile testing.

What is Automated Testing?

Test Automation is the process of using automation tools to verify that the software meets all user requirements and functions according to design. This approach automates the execution steps of a test case. Consequently, it necessitates the identification and resolution of errors and other issues that emerge, both during and after the product development phase.

Through the use of Automated Testing Tools and specialized software, this form of software testing is carried out. Relying on programming scripts, these tools efficiently orchestrate the testing process, thereby guaranteeing extensive coverage of test scenarios.

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Pros & Cons of Test Automation

what is automated testing

Benefits of Test Automation

  1. Seamless Accuracy: By minimizing human error, automated testing ensures the delivery of highly precise results. Often, these results could be overlooked in manual testing, especially in applications of high complexity.
  2. Enhanced Test Reporting: Automation tools actively generate comprehensive test reports, providing invaluable insights into application quality and the effectiveness of the testing process.
  3. Improved Test Coverage: Automation facilitates the inclusion of a broader spectrum of test cases, encompassing those too intricate for manual testing. Moreover, this expansion significantly enhances overall test coverage.
  4. Quick and Easy Bug Detection: The automation process accelerates the identification of defects, enabling their swift resolution within the development cycle.
  5. Reusability of Test Cases: Testers can repurpose test scripts for various application versions, significantly reducing the time and effort required for repetitive testing.

Challenges of Test Automation

  1. Maintenance and Scalability: Managing and expanding automated testing in a project poses challenges. Necessary updates or modifications demand extensive effort, including debugging, data updates, and code revisions.
  2. Limited Coverage: The reach of automated testing may face limitations due to challenges in scalability and the prerequisite of programming skills, potentially diminishing overall project coverage.
  3. Tool and Resource Constraints: Despite the wide availability of testing tools, their inherent limitations and the scarcity of proficient users pose notable challenges.
  4. Initial Setup Time and Effort: The groundwork for automation necessitates a substantial initial investment, potentially serving as a deterrent for certain projects.
  5. Demand for Programming Skills: The requirement for personnel with programming expertise complicates the dynamics of training and team composition.

Acknowledging these factors underscores the imperative for a meticulously considered approach toward implementing test automation. Teams are advised to diligently weigh the benefits against the challenges, aiming to formulate a testing strategy that aligns with their project’s specifications. Such strategic planning ensures the optimal leveraging of automation’s benefits, carefully circumventing its potential limitations.

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Automation Testing Steps

Implementing automation in testing processes demands strategic planning and meticulous execution. Here is a detailed guide outlining the essential steps involved in the automated testing lifecycle, emphasizing active involvement at each stage:

Selecting the right testing tool marks the critical first step. Begin by choosing a tool that fits your specific testing needs and the types of tests you intend to automate. Assess factors such as how easy it is to generate and update scripts, the tool’s compatibility with diverse platforms including web, mobile, and desktop, and its capacity for generating reports. Moreover, take into account the tool’s support for a wide range of tests and its compatibility with various programming languages.

Subsequently, decide which tests to automate. Focus primarily on tests that handle large volumes of data, are common across different applications, can be easily automated, might use the same business components, or are notably complex.

Following this, the process moves into planning, designing, and creating your tests. Simplify the task by breaking down complex tests into smaller, more manageable segments. Then, compile these tests into a suite that can operate autonomously, ensuring it includes everything needed for smooth execution. At this stage, execute these tests using your chosen tool or through a test management tool.

After executing the tests, the next essential step involves maintenance. Generate comprehensive reports on your testing endeavors, and with each modification to your software or introduction of new features, meticulously revise your tests to mirror these updates. This continuous upkeep is crucial for maintaining the efficacy and relevance of your automation strategies.

Test Automation vs Agile Testing

Test Automation

Test Automation

Basically, test automation employs tools, scripts, and software to automate test case execution, minimizing manual participation and thereby enhancing efficiency, consistency, and speed. Key features of test automation encompass:

  • Scripting and Execution: Creating test scripts that teams can execute repeatedly without manual input.
  • Repeatability: Performing identical test scenarios multiple times with unwavering accuracy.
  • Regression Testing: Enabling the swift re-testing of existing functionalities following modifications.
  • Test Maintenance: involves the regular updating of test scripts to accurately represent any changes within the application.

Agile Testing

In contrast, agile testing adheres to agile software development principles, advocating for an iterative and incremental approach that prioritizes adaptability, rapid delivery, and strong collaboration between developers, testers, and stakeholders. Within this framework, testing is integrated with the development processes, facilitating continuous validation and feedback throughout all stages. Agile testing supports:

  • Continuous Collaboration: Promotes uninterrupted communication among testers, developers, and stakeholders, thereby improving dialogue and cultivating mutual comprehension.
  • Early and Frequent Testing: Begins testing at the early stages of the development cycle and maintains a regular testing schedule, aiding in the swift identification of defects.
  • Adaptability: Keeping the testing approach flexible, ready to adjust swiftly to project scope or direction changes.
  • Rapid Feedback: Delivers instantaneous test outcomes, facilitating swift decision-making and responses, perfectly aligning with the agile methodology’s accelerated pace.

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Bridging Test Automation and Agile Testing

Test automation focuses on the automated execution of tests. In contrast, agile testing aligns with agile development principles, highlighting continuous testing and collaborative efforts. Yet, these methodologies complement each other. Test automation enhances agile testing frameworks by automating repetitive and labor-intensive tests. This allows teams to dedicate more resources to intricate, high-value testing tasks, thereby upholding the agile commitment to quick delivery without quality compromise.

Ultimately, choosing between test automation and agile testing is not an either/or scenario. Rather, successful software development frequently involves integrating both strategies. This integration combines the precision and efficiency of automation with the adaptability and cooperative spirit of agile testing. This comprehensive approach guarantees the timely and efficient delivery of robust, high-quality software.


In conclusion, blending Automated Testing’s efficiency with Agile Testing’s flexibility offers a robust solution for modern software challenges. This synergy allows for faster, high-quality software releases, proving that the right mix of testing methodologies can lead to superior project outcomes. Embrace these strategies to stay ahead in the tech landscape.

For more information about agile testing, check out more videos from the AgileTest Academy series.

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